Anti-Racist Online Pedagogy: a reading list

This document started from a desire to identify and share a variety of resources – philosophical, sociological, quantitative, qualitative, reflective, and practical – that can enable educators, specifically white educators, to think critically about their personal and institutional systems, biases, values, and pedagogies with specific attention to the various ways in which racism and White Supremacy are uniquely expressed and perpetuated in the tools, systems, and practices that constitute online teaching and learning. It is my hope that the tools provided here will give educators insight, language, practices, imagination, and hope for creating just, equitable, and inclusive online learning spaces.

This resource list as it is originally submitted is only a starting point. Following the model set by the originators of and contributors to the Ferguson Syllabus, the Standing Rock Syllabus, and the Charleston Syllabus, this project is an invitation to the broader community of scholars, teachers, activists, and all interested in educating and resourcing educators on the vital role of anti-racism in online teaching and learning to submit additional resources. Please add to the list by tweeting any resources you would propose including in this project and adding #antiracistonlinepedagogy or by emailing These added steps in the submission process are intended to ensure that people antagonistic to the purposes of this project are not allowed immediate access to this document.

Reading List

Adams, B., Nicholls, H., Frie, A., & Fischer, T. (2020, Summer). Anti-Racist and Inclusive Online Teaching during the Racial Justice Uprisings and the Pandemic [Webinar]. University of Wisconsin Oshkosh Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning.

Baker, R., Dee, T., Evans, B., & John, J. “Bias in Online Classes: Evidence from a Field Experiment.” Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, 2018,

Benjamin, Ruha. Race after Technology: Abolitionist Tools for the New Jim Code. Polity, 2019.

Bina, Jasmine (Host). (2020, July 1). Race, Identity, & Power in Our Online/Offline Spaces with Tressie McMillan Cottom [Audio podcast episode]. In Unseen, Unknown.

Boulder, T., Kinloch, V., Price-Dennis, D., Quigley, C., & Ross, S. (2020, August 24). How to Create Anti-racist Virtual Classrooms: Strategies for Teachers and Families [Webinar]. PittEd Justice Collective.

Brock André L. Distributed Blackness: African American Cybercultures. New York University Press, 2020.

Daniels, Jessie. “‘My Brain Database Doesn’t See Skin Color.’” American Behavioral Scientist, vol. 59, no. 11, 2015, pp. 1377–1393., doi:10.1177/0002764215578728.

“Effective Teaching Is Anti-Racist Teaching.” The Harriet W. Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning-Teaching and Learning Resources, 2020,

Eisen, Daniel B. “Combating the ‘Too Sensitive’ Argument: A Demonstration That Captures the Complexity of Microaggressions.” Teaching Sociology, vol. 48, no. 3, 2020, pp. 231–243., doi:10.1177/0092055×20930338.

Eschmann, Rob. “Unmasking Racism: Students of Color and Expressions of Racism in Online Spaces.” Social Problems, vol. 67, Issue 3, 2020, pp. 418-436.,

Eubanks, Virginia. Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor. St. Martin’s Press, 2019.

Gilliard, Chris. “From Redlining to Digital Redlining.” YouTube, University of Oklahoma Office of Digital Learning, 31 Jan. 2018.

Gilliard, Chris. “Pedagogy and the Logic of Platforms.” EDUCAUSE Review, 3 July 2017,

Haughton, Gina M. “Digital Racism: A Quantitative Analysis of the Extent That Perceptions of Student Race Influence Instructors Scoring of Online Posts.” International Research in Higher Education, vol. 1, no. 1, 2016, pp. 215–226., doi:10.5430/irhe.v1n2p215.

Heitner, Keri L., and Miranda Jennings. “Culturally Responsive Teaching Knowledge and Practices of Online Faculty.” Online Learning, vol. 20, no. 4, 2016, doi:10.24059/olj.v20i4.1043.

Hoffmann, Anna Lauren. “Data Violence and How Bad Engineering Choices Can Damage Society.” Medium, Medium, 30 Apr. 2018,

Hopson, Anna C. “Does Racism Exist in the Online Classroom Learning Environment? Perceptions of Online Undergraduate Students.” Capella University, 2014. ERIC,

Marquart, M. & Shedrick, D. (2020, March 26). Inclusive Online Teaching and Teachable Moments in Online Classrooms [Webinar]. Columbia University School of Social Work.

Meta, Rohit, and Earl Aguilera. “‘A Critical Approach to Humanizing Pedagogies in Online Teaching and Learning.’” International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, vol. 37, no. 3, 2020, pp. 109–120., doi:10.1108/IJILT-10-2019-0099.

Mcmillan Cottom, Tressie. “Intersectionality and Critical Engagement with the Internet.”
SSRN Electronic Journal, 2015, doi:10.2139/ssrn.2568956.

Noble, Safiya Umoja. Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism. New York University Press, 2018.

O’Neil, Cathy. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy. Penguin Books, 2018.

Ortiz, Stephanie. “Racists without racism? From colourblind to entitlement racism online.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 15 October, 2020.

Pacansky-Brock, M., Smedshammer, M., & Vincent-Layton, K. (2020). Humanizing Online Teaching to Equitize Higher Education. Current Issues in Education, 21(2).…

Peralta Community College District-Distance Education. “Online Equity Rubric.” Peralta Community College District, 2019.

Shlossberg, Pavel, and Carolyn Cunningham. “Diversity, Instructional Research, and Online Education.” Communication Education, vol. 65, no. 2, 2016, pp. 229–232., doi:10.1080/03634523.2015.1098713.

Swauger, Shea. “Our Bodies Encoded: Algorithmic Test Proctoring in Higher Education.” Hybrid Pedagogy, 2 Apr. 2020.

Turpin, Cherie Ann. “Feminist Praxis, Online Teaching, and the Urban Campus.” Feminist Teacher, vol. 18, no. 1, 2007, pp. 9–27., doi:10.1353/ftr.2008.0017.

Tynes, Brendesha M. “Online Racial Discrimination: A Growing Problem for Adolescents.” American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association, Dec. 2015,

Valcarlos, M. Wolgemuth, J. Haraf, S., & Fisk, N. “Anti-oppressive pedagogies in online learning: a critical review.” Distance Education, vol. 41, issue 3, 2020. pp 345-360., doi: 10.1080/01587919.2020.1763783

Yao, Christina W., and Ginny Jones Boss. “‘A Hard Space to Manage”: The Experiences of Women of Color Faculty Teaching Online.” Journal of Women and Gender in Higher Education, vol. 13, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1-15., doi: 10.1080/19407882.2019.1639197.